Saturday, January 14, 2017

Shades of Grey: Horsecolours

It seems that I've painted more cavalry of one sort or another in the last year than ever before. I remember when I thought horse painting a chore and something to get through - being more interested in the riders than their mounts. Not so these days. With plentiful resources on horse flesh at my disposal and of course in the age of the internet, I have become far more involved in painting my horses which in a uniformed regiment present more individually than the troopers they carry.

I have indulged myself in breaking up the Scots Greys into divergent colour schemes, or rather different types of 'greys'. I referred to my handy JPEG colour chart for horses and broke my regimental representation of twelve cavalry figures into four groups of three.
This first image is of the Flea Bitten Grey group. I'm hoping it is a subtle build up of layering lightening greys over a base coat mid-grey with mottling white and a final highlighting of white over that.
This second image represents my Rose Grey trio and one of the more interesting schemes to paint. I tinged the blends of my greys with wet highlights of lightened ochre, dappling over the top and white dry brushing the highlights. I was also pleased to muck about with a darker lower leg scheme.
This third image represents the classic and perhaps least interesting group of standard Grey (or white horses). On the upside, they were the simplest colour scheme to paint.
The last image is that representing the Dappled Greys. One of my favourite schemes and certainly the most complex to achieve, it comprises a series of alternating dark and mid-grey patches with extensive dappling and white dry brushing highlights. I'm hoping they will really come alive as a group is mixed and based for the charge.
 

Saturday, January 7, 2017

Great War Miniatures Dragoons Guard/Royals: Figure Review

CBC10 - Trooper

Well the Greys are already assembled ready for priming so to round out my other recent purchase, this is my review of the Great War Miniatures Dragoons Guard/Royals figures. They come in two three figure packs - CBC09 and CBC10 being the Trooper and Command pack respectively. All images are shots taken before cleaning and as they arrived in the mail.

The Command pack comes with a single trooper, a trumpeter and an officer as with all other packs in the Great War Miniatures range. A few words on the trumpeter first. As with the Greys Command Pack (see earlier review) the trumpeter is blasting away on his bugle with the trumpet slung over his shoulder. The bugle end is nicely dished but I found myself still deepening it just a little with a hand drill when assembling the Grey's trumpeter and I will be doing so with these ones - but that's just me.
CBC10 - Trooper reverse

The mounts, whilst not any larger than the sculpts for the Great War Miniatures Light Cavalry ranges are not the same horse models. Whether new sculpts entirely or perhaps just amended horse furniture and manipulated slightly, the positioning of the legs is different from their Light Cavalry counterparts. For the trumpeters; however, I find the mount dipping forward overly (albeit slightly) and I cut away though the support stems joining the legs to the base so as to lift the front of the model.
CBC10 - Trumpeter

A word of caution when mucking about with freeing up any of the legs with these figures. The horses are all in full action poses and the design of the sculpts rely on the support stems and even mutual support of the legs in some cases. Whilst it may be aesthetically pleasing to free up the legs to give that extra realism you will lose stability in the models. One easy and necessary cut-away is the join on the horse model fully stretched at the gallop where the tail is connected by a stem to the rear legs.
CBC10 - Trumpeter reverse

Unlike the Light Dragoon officer, the Dragoon Guards/Royals officer has an optional arm which needs to be fixed in the standard male/female join of the rest of the troopers (except the trumpeter). These pin and socket joints do require some assistance; however, with some careful cutting and filing to narrow and define the arm-pin and some drilling and widening of the receiving hole in the body of the rider.

The proportions and detail of the brass helmets is superb and I think I'm even more excited about them that the Grey's bearskins. They should look marvelous all painted up. Unlike the Grey's, the remainder of the 'heavies' embarked for Crimea without their valises and they are appropriately missing from the sculpted horse furniture. The tack is correct and consistently includes the 'Y' harness across the horses face (as opposed to the 'X' for Light Cavalry such as the Hussars).
CBC10 - Officer

The scults are the typical rider and mount once piece model more typically found with 15mm figures. The rider's legs also raise out from the horse in relief - the lower leg not being defined and free forming from the horse as is generally the case resulting from separate riders and mounts. It is not noticeable when painting is finished.
CBC10 - Officer reverse

As with news molds, these figures are remarkably clean with almost no flash and very little trimming required. Mold lines are actually hard to find - the best finished figures I recall ever working with.

Again, these are a triumph for Great War Miniatures and with the exception of the dated Wargames Foundry range (on the small side) these Dragoons Guards/Royals together with their Scots Grey's counterparts have filled a long standing gap in the 28mm market for the Crimean War period.  

Wednesday, January 4, 2017

The Royal Scots Greys at Balaclava



Initially, no heavy cavalry were listed for deployment in the Crimea campaign. Eventually they were embarked and the two squadrons of the 2nd Dragoons Royal Scot’s Greys (the Greys) were the last to leave England on board the Himilaya, the 3,438 ton P&O steamship – the largest passenger ship in the world when launched in 1853 and with the new screw propeller. Some sources have the 5th Dragoons Guards aboard the Himalaya.


The Greys were transported from England directly to Kulalie Barracks, Constantiniple on 10 August and thence to the Crimea, the Grey’s only joining the army on 23 September at the Alma River after the battle of Alma, disembarking the bulk of the regiment at the Katcha River. Whilst they were the last to leave home, they were first to arrive in theatre; the rest of the brigade having the misfortune to take temporary residence at Varna, Bulgaria. 

The Greys were fortunate in avoiding the cholera which affected the men at Varna, and the severe wastage of horses from glanders and farcy, exacerbated from the poor conditions, bad forage and exposure. By the time the rest of the Brigade reunited with the Greys at Balaclava Bay, their mixed fortunes at sea added to a total loss of 226 mounts with most of the rest in bad condition. So, when the Greys were formed up in the Vanguard of the army after Alma in its approach to Sevastopol, their picturesque appearance was remarked upon.

As the regiment skirted Sevastopol, it engaged in skirmishing with the rear-guard of Menshikoff’s column on 25 September in what is called the 'Affair of Mackenzie Farm'. Encountering Russian infantry, they had formed up in open ground whilst elements dismounted and skirmished through the woods from where the Russians were sniping. With support from ‘I’ Troop RHA under Captain Maude and Shakespeare, they were finally ordered to charge down the baggage train, dispatching six troopers and capturing several wagons containing ammunition, supplies and Menshikoff’s personal wagon laden with champagne and a drunk Colonel.


The remainder of the Heavy Brigade joined the Greys at Balaclava. On the day of the battle, the Greys were early into action. They were initially ordered forward with a troop of horse artillery ('I' Troop) up to a position between the redoubts to cover the Turkish garrison and their eventual withdrawal. Taking up position they found themselves outgunned but kept post until the ammunition ran out – with some loss from rifle fire as well as round shot. I presume the Greys were kept back from the firing line but able to cover the guns. Withdrawing under fire from Liprandi’s artillery, sources state that a good many horses and some men had fallen victim to enemy fire – I imagine more amongst the gun and limber crews.



Details concerning the Charge of the Heavy Brigade can be conflicting but there is no doubt that is was led by the Greys and  the second squadron 6th Inniskilling Dragoons to their right flank under the overall direct command of Brigade Commander Lieutenant General Sir James York Scarlett. The Greys were led by Lieutenant Colonel Henry Darby Griffith (Lt. Col. From 1852); one squadron commanded by Major George Calvert Clarke on the right, and the other by Captain Samuel Toosey Williams on the left. Cornet Henry Edwards Handley, Lieutenant Robert Scott Hunter, Lieutenant George Buchanan and Lieutenant Francis Sutherland were the four troop leaders of the regiment. Average strength of the Greys fielded in Crimea was 223.



The two regiments had previously formed the left of two columns (the 6th  Inniskillings followed by the Greys) which were wheeled to meet a surprise appearance of something in the order of 1,700-3,000 Russian cavalry supported by horse artillery. The Greys now formed the left flank of a rushed advance finding themselves advancing through the tent lines of the Light Brigade adjacent to an abandoned vineyard with the 6th Inniskillings to their right. The previous right column were in order, the fist squadron 6th Inniskillings, both squadrons of the 5th Dragoon Guards and those of the 4th all of whom were now in support, wheeling to their left. Lord Lucan (General Commanding Cavalry Division) was to the rear, rallying the Brigade and later directing the 4th Dragoons up the South Valley and onto the Russian right flank in support of the developing Brigade counter-attack. The Royals were well back in reserve.

As the 6th advanced if found itself forward of the Greys due to the Grey's entanglement amongst the tents of the Light Brigade camp they were forced to cross. The 6th held back to keep the line but once the Greys finally came abreast of the 6th just in time to put in the final charge at the gallop. As the Inniskillings shouted their battle cry, Faugh A Ballagh, observers reported that the Scots Greys made an eery, growling moan.



General Scarlet with his aides Major Alexander Elliot, Captain Sheridan and a trumpeter were up to fifty yards in front of the Greys and were seen to be enveloped completely by the Russian cavalry before the Greys and the 6th could catch them. The fighting was famously savage on the part of the British heavies which were unexpectedly received at the halt by the Russians. By the end of the encounter General Scarlet had received five sabre cuts and a dented helmet and Major Elliot a ‘bad cut across the back of the head’ and fourteen sabre wounds. During the advance Cornet Grey Neville’s horse stumbled amongst the Light Brigade encampment tents, throwing him to the ground where he was said to have been stabbed to death, suggesting some fighting might have occurred amongst the cavalry encampment.
General Scarlet at Balaclava
Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Griffith took a wound to the head from rifle fire when leading the advance and is said to have been unable to lead the rest of the charge being temporarily incapacitated. The regimental history records him as having received a ‘slight wound’. A total of 78 casualties were incurred across the brigade through this action. The Greys took 2 men killed and 54 wounded (several mortally) by the end of the day. The Heavy Brigade inflicted up to 270 casualties on the Russian cavalry, including Major-General Khaletski during their charge.

Most of the casualties inflicted that day on the Heavy Brigade with particular emphasis on the Greys occurred during their supporting advance with the charge of the Light Brigade. Advancing as far down the valley as Redoubt No:3 Lord Lucan withdrew them only after severe exposure to enemy artillery fire and significant loss.
Major George Calvert Clarke after the battle with his wounded horse, Sultan.

Two members of the Scots Greys were among the first to be awarded the Victoria Cross (VC) for their actions on 25 October. Sergeant Ramage galloped out to the assistance of a private who was surrounded by seven Russians, dispersed them and saved his comrade's life. Later that day when covering the retreat of the Light Brigade, he lifted from his horse a private who was badly wounded and carried him safely to the rear under heavy fire and he had also managed to take a prisoner. His VC is displayed at The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Museum at Edinburgh Castle in Edinburgh, Scotland. Sergeant Major John Grieve saved the life of an officer surrounded by Russians during the when riding into the skirmish, cutting off the head of one Russian, disabling and dispersing the others. His VC is on display at the Art Gallery of South Australia in Adelaide.

References

Into the Valley of Death: The British Cavalry Division at Balaclava 1854 - Mollo and Fosten 1994

The Invasion of the Crimea: Its Origin and an Account of Its Progress, Alexander William Kinglake 1863 

The History of the Second Dragoons “Royal Scots Greys”, Edward Almack, 1908


A History of the British Cavalry 1816-1919: Volume 2: 1851-1871 By Lord Anglesey

Tuesday, January 3, 2017

Great War Miniatures Royal Scots Greys: Figure Review

CBC12 Officer - Command Pack
Well I've been waiting a while for Aly Morrison and Dave Andrews of Great War Miniatures to include the British Heavy Brigade in their expanding Crimean War range of 28mm figures. Released just prior to Christmas 2016, I rushed in my order through Nick Eyre's North Star Miniatures and I present my initial take on their Royal Scots Greys which I intend to paint immediately.
CBC11 Trooper

The Royal Scots Greys come in two packs - CBC11 comes with three troopers and CBC12 is the command pack containing an Officer, Trumpeter and a trooper.

In keeping with all of their cavalry, the figures present an integral rider and mount in one piece with only the sword arm to be fixed, completing the miniatures. This allows me to skip a step as I always fix my rider to their mounts prior to undercoating and painting for a better bond, so handling the whole model during painting is a trick long since mastered for me.
CBC12 reverse



As one might expect with brand new molds, the turned out figures are crisp and well defined. I know from personal experienced they paint up beautifully. All photos included in this review are as the figures came out of their packs without any cleaning or trimming. All casts are well aligned.

They are superbly proportioned to my eye. They have some beautifully observed details across the new additions to the range with the inclusion of the Grey's valises in the horse furniture as opposed to the British Dragoons Guards/Royals (CBC09 & 10) which will be the subject of a later review. The Greys were the only regiment so equipped when they shipped over to the Crimea ... so ten out of ten for observation in these sculpts. As with all regiments, the sabretache is absent as they were not taken on campaign.

In keeping with historical requirements and consistent with the rest of their range, these miniatures are sculpted in campaign dress. As opposed to the light cavalry, these Royal Scots Greys come with gauntlets. Certain details are not included - the cartridge boxes are plain for example and the trousers do not detail either the leg stripe or the leather cuffing at the bottom (the 'booted overall'). I personally have no issue with any of it which are easily incorporated through painting.
CBC12 Trumpeter

The trumpeter is blasting away on his bugle with his trumpet slung across his back. Unlike many sculpts out there, the bugle mouth is dished, which saves me unnecessary drilling. I observe that the trumpeter is the only figure who appears clean shaven, the remainder all having some form of beard or mustache. I find the bearskins for this regiment beautifully proportioned and detailed and when painted up on their grey mounts they will make a striking addition to the cavalry division. 
CBC Trumpeter reversed

There are four different poses for the various mounts and all are in movement. With alternating sword arms and careful manipulation of the rider's heads, an effective variety of positioning or posture can be achieved. One observation I would also make is that there is no difference in the size of the horses with that of their light cavalry brethren which might account for in-field remounts but otherwise a minor oversight. Sword arms come in two positions, bent or straight armed.
CBC11 Trooper
One observation I would also make and that is that these figures follow the universal practice of casting the horses reins in one solid piece where they meet beneath the horses head. This may be a simple casting necessity as I've never seen it done otherwise but I'd love to see this overcome one day if it's ever possible.

I have stated in my previous review of the Great War Miniatures Light Dragoon range that Morrison and Andrews are on a winning combination with their range and I have no reason to change my endorsement. They remain simply the best looking and sculpted Crimean War 28mm figures available today. The Heavies have certainly been well worth waiting for. Keep a look out for my completed Royal Scots Greys which will be under way very shortly.